The next time you have a headache or sprain your ankle, your first line of treatment will probably be to accomplish a state of analgesia, or pain relief. The easiest way to relieve your pain is through the use of analgesics, a medication used specifically to treat pain.
Even before the advent of modern medications and drug therapies, natural analgesics like peppermint and capsaicin were used for centuries to treat aches and pains.
All analgesics work to ease your pain, but how? In order to dull your pain, you have to dull your pain receptors. Your body's pain receptors are located within various parts of your nervous system, which makes sense since your body's nerves are generally what detects pain.
They don't permanently relieve your pain- only complete healing of the illness or injury can do that- but they do offer relief from the constant pain that comes with having various health problems.
Unlike anesthetics, which remove all sensation and are used during surgeries and major medical procedures, analgesics only dull pain sensation. Depending on the cause and location of the pain, analgesics may be taken internally as pills, intravenously, or may be applied topically.